To better understand the importance of proper tongue position/oral rest posture. A low tongue position can contribute to improper muscle functioning and can lead to airway obstruction.
To better understand the importance of establishing lip seal.
To better understand the importance of continuous nasal breathing.
To clearly identify and illustrate the importance of pre/post operative Myofunctional therapy exercises in a clinical setting and as part of a successful tongue-tie (Frenuloplasty) procedure.
To help strengthen the tongue and orofacial muscles through myofunctional therapy exercises and pattern retraining to help resolve issues associated with sleep, breathing, posture, orthodontic relapse, cervical neck tension, and jaw pain, among others.
Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders (OMDs)
OMDs affect the functions and muscles of the mouth and face. They can cause a variety of problems, either directly or indirectly:
stunted facial skeletal growth and development
temporomandibular joint movement/disorders
poor oral hygiene
stability of orthodontic treatment
Proper Tongue Position
(Oral Rest Posture)
A low tongue position is either a necessity or a habit.
A low tongue position can contribute to improper muscle functioning and can lead to airway obstruction.
Any time the nasal breathing is impaired, temporarily or chronically, the jaw drops and the tongue positions itself low and forward to open up the upper airways.
A low tongue rest posture habit can be lasting even if the causative factors are corrected ie. Tongue tie has been released or nasal breathing has been established. Myofunctional therapy can help correct the tongue resting position - creating better habits for better health.
Lack of nasal breathing or sleep disordered breathing may lead to the tongue moving or resting forward and pushing against the teeth (static). During the swallow, instead of pushing up to the palate the tongue moves forward or laterally, called anterior, bi-lateral, unilateral or bi-maxillary tongue thrust (dynamic).
In children, establishing this good resting tongue posture is critical for good facial growth and airway development.
Signs of Improper Oral Rest Posture
Lips apart at rest
Lip strain with flattening or wrinkling of chin when lips are closed
Flaccid, rolled-out upper lip
Accentuated “cupid’s bow” appearance of upper lip
One or both jaws recessed from ideal position
Nose-lip angle greater than 110 degrees
Mouth breathing can completely alter how your child looks which is the skeletal development of a child, and disrupt airway development which affects the amount of oxygen the body requires for proper function. We know that mouth breathing affects the resting position of the facial and tongue muscles, often mouth breathers experience a wide variety of signs and symptoms from early development to later in life consequences. Sadly, failure to nasal breath affects your overall health. Mouth breathing affects the levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide that are in the body. Our bodies rely on a specific amount of incoming oxygen and outgoing carbon dioxide to remain in a healthy state.